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Diagnostic Tools and Treatment for Brain Injury

There are several diagnostic and treatment modalities for supervising or treating traumatic brain injury:

  • CT Scan – CT scans, or computed tomographic scans, utilize x-ray technology to provide imagery of the brain. Doctors can analyze the imagery to determine if a brain is swollen or hemorrhaging, or if brain tissue has been compressed.
  • MRIs – Magnetic resonance imaging tests can provide physicians with detailed images of various structures in the head, including bones and brain tissue.
  • Oxygen – Brain injury victims who lose consciousness can be treated with oxygen via a mask, nasal tube, or with the assistance of a ventilator machine.
  • Medication – Health care providers may use various medications to treat victims who have experienced traumatic brain injuries. These medications can help with regulating blood pressure, treating pain, limiting swelling of the brain, and preventing seizures.
  • Hypothermia – Medical research has provided some unique insight into effectively treating severe brain injuries through hypothermia, or decreased body temperature. Scientists and medical professionals are still investigating the safety and efficacy of hypothermia treatments.
  • Long-Term Care – Aside from initial treatment, brain injury victims will often require long-term rehabilitative care and treatment to improve cognitive abilities and functioning.