TBI: Severity and Types
Brain Injury Lawyer in Washington, DC
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an injury to the brain caused by outside forces.
Brain injuries often go unnoticed and untreated when no visible head injury is involved,
leading to more serious damage and a higher risk of sustaining further
injuries. Severity ratings can be misleading with the incongruous long-term
results causing frustration and confusion for victims.
Understanding severity and the Glasgow Coma Scale
Severity of brain injury is rated by a system called the Glasgow Coma Scale.
The severity of a brain injury does not always determine the amount of
long-term damage or the outcome for the victim.
Severity refers only to the initial damage, not the long-term damage. The area of the brain which is injured typically
determines the outcome of the injury, rather than initial severity rating.
A mild brain injury, requiring little or no medical treatment, can cause
long-term disability if it damages a crucial part of the brain.
Mild Brain Injury
A mild brain injury can occur with no loss of consciousness or very brief
loss of consciousness, and leaves the victim feeling dazed or confused.
Moderate Brain Injury
A moderate brain injury causes a loss of consciousness for several minutes
or several hours, and confusion which may last for weeks or months.
Severe Brain Injury
A severe brain injury causes a loss of consciousness that lasts for days,
weeks, or months, and can result in a coma, vegetative state, or "locked-in" syndrome.
Types of brain injury
Any type of brain injury can have serious long-term consequences. Some
brain injuries do not involve visible
head injuries, and often go undetected and untreated, leaving the victim vulnerable
to further damage and additional injuries. An impact to the head is not
necessary for TBI to occur.
Concussions are the most common form of TBI. They can be caused by an impact to the
head or sudden and violent movement. Whiplash is a common cause of concussion.
People tend to believe that a concussion is a fairly minor injury, and
that any danger or damage from a concussion goes away within 24 hours
or a few days. This could not be farther from the truth. A concussion
can cause damage to the cranial nerves, and can take months or years to
heal. Even though a concussion does not always cause a loss of consciousness,
the damage can leave victims vulnerable to very serious TBI should a second
injury occur before the concussion has fully healed.
Brain contusions are typically caused by an impact to the head. A contusion
is simply a bruise, and any part of the body can become bruised, usually
with little or no permanent damage. Bruising of the brain is very serious
because it means that the brain is bleeding, one of the primary causes
of serious and long term damage.
The brain can become bruised both on the side of impact and on the opposite
side if an impact to the head is forceful enough to jar the brain, causing
it to strike the other side of the skull.
A penetration brain injury is just what it sounds like - an injury caused
by an object penetrating the skull and entering the brain.
If a violent or rapid movement causes the skull to move faster than the
brain, nerves and other brain tissue can be torn. This is called diffuse
axonal TBI. Whiplash can cause this type of injury.
In addition to these primary types of TBI, second impact syndrome can occur
after any type of brain injury. Second impact syndrome simply means sustaining
a second brain injury before the first brain injury has healed. This is
typically far more damaging than the original injury and often results
in permanent disability or death.
Call (202) 644-8303 for a FREE Consultation
If you or your loved one has experienced any type of brain injury, allow
a member of our legal team to review your case and explain how you may
be entitled to compensation. Our Washington, DC personal injury lawyers
represent clients throughout the District of Columbia, Maryland, and Northern Virginia.