Drowning is defined as death secondary to a loss of oxygen while immersed in a liquid, usually water, or within 24 hours of submersion. Drowning does not usually take place when an individual is helplessly gasping and thrashing in the water. That is rarely the report of a drowning victim. Instead, it is a more ominous scenario of a motionless individual floating in the water or quietly disappearing beneath the surface. Near-drowning on the other hand, connotes the immersion of sufficient severity to warrant medical attention and may lead to serious injury or death. Near-drowning victims frequently have profound, permanent brain injury requiring full-time care for all of their daily life activities.